Handshake is a new open-source project that aims to fully decouple the allocation of Internet root namespaces otherwise known as Top-Level Domains (TLDs) from centralized control systems. It uses Merkle Tree technology (popularly called “blockchains”) to maintain a globally distributed database system that follows a strict protocol for the management of TLDs and allocates eligible TLDs through a Vickrey auction mechanism. TLD eligibility is determined by modulo-based computation with a Blake2b/SHA3 hash of the TLD.
This article takes a dive into the technical details of running a full node on the Handshake network using the Ubuntu Linux distribution that leverages the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL).
Activate the Windows Subsystem for Linux
If you don’t have this module activated on your Windows machine, it’s something you’d have to do to proceed with the remainder of this manual. To activate:
- Go to the Turn Windows features on or off application window from the Control Panel.
- Scroll down the list to Windows Subsystem for Linux and check its box. If you’re on the Windows OS Build 2004, you may opt for the improved version of WSL (version 2). For this, you will need to activate the Virtual Machine Platform component (which came with OS Build Version 1809) located in the current window. Check its box and click OK to apply all the new changes. Alternatively, you can do these on the PowerShell CLI (as an Administrator) using the following commands. As already stated, the second command below only applies if you have OS Build 1809:
Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName Microsoft-Windows-Subsystem-Linux -NoRestart Enable-WindowsOptionalFeature -Online -FeatureName VirtualMachinePlatform -NoRestart
Install Ubuntu on Windows
- Open the Microsoft Store app on your Windows 10 device and search for Ubuntu. You should see a list of versions of the distro displayed in the dropdown. I’d recommend selecting one of the explicit versions (one of Ubuntu 16.04 or 18.04) since that leaves you in charge of distro updates. Selecting the versionless one (“Ubuntu”) means you will always have the latest LTS version but upgrades will be handled through the Windows Update framework. Click Get to download and install whatever you choose.
- Once the installation is complete, launch the Ubuntu command line window from either:
- the Start Menu or
- PowerShell using the
Set your UNIX username and password from the prompt that is displayed. Run the following commands to download and update the Ubuntu package lists and dependencies from the remote repositories
sudo apt update sudo apt upgrade
Set up Environment and Dependencies
- Nodejs (version 10+) will be required to correctly install and run your full node. A good version manager for Node on Linux distros is nvm. The following commands will download and run the
nvm install script on your machine:
curl -o- https://raw.githubusercontent.com/nvm-sh/nvm/v0.38.0/install.sh | bash
After the download is complete and you’ve restarted your shell, install any Node version greater than v10. I’m installing v14.16.1:
nvm install v14.16.1
Confirm your installation:
- The unbound DNS resolver is used by the
hsddaemon to optimize DNS resolution according to IETF privacy and security standards and also works as a fall-back resolver for
hsd. Let’s quickly grab that:
sudo apt install unbound
- Next, let’s ensure
python3and its dependencies are available in our new distro. These will be required (as dependencies) when node modules utilize the
node-gyppackage to compile native Node Addons (usually written in C/C++):
sudo apt install python3-pip
Install and Configure the Handshake Daemon
Now we’re ready to clone and install hsd. Run:
git clone git://github.com/handshake-org/hsd.git
Change into the directory you installed
hsd in and run:
npm install --production
Now you’re ready to run your full node:
Let’s now generate an API key for running and accessing our full node using the bcrypto Nodejs Addon.
cd into your
hsd directory and run the following command. You can shutdown your node (Ctrl + C) to continue with this step:
node -e "bcrypto=require('bcrypto');\ console.log(bcrypto.random.randomBytes(32).toString('hex'))"
- After your first run, the daemon should create a
.hsdfolder in your home directory. Verify that this is the case by running
ls- afrom your home directory.
- Inside the
.hsdfolder, create a file with name
hsd.confif it doesn't exist yet. This file will hold your full node's configuration parameters:
touch hsd.confecho "http-host: 0.0.0.0" >> hsd.confecho "api-key: <your-generated-api-key>" >> hsd.conf
- Also make sure to grab
hs-clientwhich exists as a node module and will function as a multi-protocol client for
hsd, supporting Http, Websocket and RPC communications with your node:
npm install --global hs-client
- Consider using the terminal multiplexer
tmuxutility to minimize the
hsdprocess to the background. First, the process needs to be started from a
D to minimize the process. To put it back in view, use
tmux attach. You can use
tmux list-sessions to see all your
In this article, I have described how you would run a Handshake full node software on an Ubuntu distro on the Windows Subsystem for Linux on a Windows 10 machine. If you have any questions or comments, do not hesitate to reach out to me on twitter or shoot me a quick email.